首页     |     本院概况     |     检察要闻     |     检察风采     |     队伍建设     |     以案说法     |     犯罪预防     |     检务公开     |     案件信息公开

 

当前位置:首页>>犯罪预防
赴汾阳警示教育基地学习之思考
时间:2015-07-28  作者:王小艳  新闻来源:  【字号: | |
  

警示教育是预防职务犯罪的一种特殊教育方式,检察机关利用自身查办案件的优势,选择典型案例、剖析发案原因和危害、警示教育党员干部,是从源头上预防腐败的重要途径,关口前移,变被动为主动。警示教育基地是开展职务犯罪预防法制宣传的重要平台,其重要性不容忽视。

  6月底,我院组织80多名涉农干部和乡、村干部赴汾阳监狱和贾家庄警示教育基地学习。此次学习为期一天,虽然短暂但圆满完成。网络信息时代给检察工作提供了方便,在新媒体环境下,警示教育基地利用各种媒介资源,重视正面引导和反面警示,形成图片、视频的警示攻势。分析、评判社会倾向,传递社会正能量。这次警示教育学习虽然结束,但有几点值得我们思考。

  首先,根据我县实际谈谈这次学习的必要性。

  1、乡、村干部贪污贿赂职务犯罪不容乐观。

  据统计,2011年—2014年底,我院查办贪污、贿赂等职务犯罪案件总数为2130人,其中,乡、镇干部(包括主任、支书、会计等)涉农职务犯罪案件815人。分别占总数的38%50%,而梁家庄、社科乡连续几任乡、村干部都存在违法、违纪行为,这两个乡明显已成为腐败重灾区,这种腐败的歪风邪气根深蒂固,群众已经麻木,自己合法权益受到损害也不闻不问,丧失维权意识,如果不加以管理,任其发展,后果不堪设想。不仅国家利益受损,群众利益得不到保障;更严重的是政府公信力下降,法律的严肃性和权威性受到质疑和挑战。一个社会什么都不可怕,最怕的就是鲁迅笔下那种对“旧、恶势力”的麻木。因此,改善乡、村政治环境、警示乡、村干部、维护乡、村人民利益显的尤为重要。

  2、乡、村财务管理制度不完善,权力监督流于形式。

  为了弥补制度的漏洞,增强乡、村干部的法律和服务意识,警示教育势在必行。 一个制度再完美、严谨,只要是由人来操作,那么就会有漏洞,俗话说“无利不起早”,在利益面前需要过硬的素养和修为才能抵制诱惑,需要强有力的监督才能约束不法行为,而现实情况是乡、村干部素质不高、法律意识淡薄,贪腐欲望膨胀,监督又流于形式,权力失去监督必然导致犯罪。

  我县乡、村实行村账乡管制度,要求监督职责的上级乡镇站所经常对村级财务状况审核监督,但实际执行过程中,乡级财政站因政务繁忙或碍于情面,对村里的财务监督流于形式,不进行实质性审查,形成“真空地带”,各个村更是采取变通措施逃避监督,主要表现为:(1)套取国家涉农惠农领域专项资金补贴款(包括退耕还林款、国家粮食直补资金、医保补助资金)。在我院查处的几起职务犯罪中,存在村报账员虚设、村委主任一人说了算或者村委主任、村支书、报账员合谋的现象,因此,多报、谎报耕地、地上附着物数量;冒领、多领国家补偿款就成为我县涉农干部贪污的主要手段和途径。(2)村集体私设“小金库”。乡镇站所设立一名会计统一管理所有村的账目,由于他不参与每个村的管理,不了解每个村的实际情况,因此只能根据村报账员上报的账目进行监督,这就为村级财产出租、承包、转让收入等不入账提供了便利。

  其次,结合当前反腐形势谈谈这次学习的现实意义。

  1、是推动基层党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争深入和落实的现实需要。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

  基层党风廉政建设事关党和政府在群众中的形象,关乎执政基础和立党之本。在新的发展背景下,抓好基层党风廉政建设具有重要现实价值和长远意义。

  46,中纪委网站发布题为“永远在路上,只有进行时”的文章,文章指出“我们党必须坚持有腐必反,有贪必肃,老虎苍蝇一起打,以零容忍态度惩治腐败,当前目标任务是把责任落实到各个领域、各级组织,不能像深深的海洋,上面九级风浪,下面纹丝不动,要在落实上狠下工夫,务求实效。”

  基层各级领导班子官本位思想依然严重,“正衣冠、照镜子、拍灰尘”流于形式,不能端正态度,改变思想,与上级脱节严重,导致整个大环境、氛围依然没有改变。因此,反腐败不应该只是中纪委的独角戏,而应该是地方各级党政与纪委、部门及相关司法机关的协奏,是全民的交响乐,全国上下协同,反腐才能取得彻底胜利。

  基层是最贴近人民群众的地方,自上而下开展的反腐败斗争,最后都要落脚到基层,此次警示活动教育的对象是基层乡、村干部,等于是把反腐败工作深入开展、落实到了最需要的地方,这才是反腐败的真谛所在。否则,人民群众的问题没有得到解决,即使工作再有新意,那也是徒劳。

  2、对我县党员干部构筑拒腐防变的思想防线具有重要意义。

  “以人为镜,可以知得失”活生生的事例,引人警醒,促人反思。通过此次学习,警示我们各级干部:一要注重学习,不断加强世界观的改进,树立正确的世界观、人生观和价值观,做到面对功名利禄心不动,灯红酒绿眼不迷,不义之财手不伸,污泥浊水身不沾,真正筑实防腐、防贪、防变的思想防线。二要廉洁自律,牢记全心全意为人民服务的宗旨,自重、自省、自警、自律,“常思贪欲之害,常弃非分之想,常怀律己之心,常修从政之德”,切记不仁之事不为,不义之财不取,不正之风不染,不洁之事不干。

  最后,此次警示教育取得的效果。

  警示教育质量和效果怎么样,最根本的是要看预防对象通过一天在监狱和贾家庄教育基地的学习,在思想上是否得到提高,存在的问题是否得到有效整改,乡、村防范措施是否得到加强。

  由于我们此次学习的人员多,而每个人的背景、素质、性格、态度更是千差万别;被预防者的复杂性,导致沟通了解和施加有针对性的影响十分困难。因此,预防效果不可能立竿见影,虽不能立竿见影但也是初见成效。乡、村干部通过监狱参观和学习,心灵受到震撼,那种失去自由的禁锢,不是他们能够承受的,警示教育基地新媒体视频、图片展中正面人物的榜样作用更是让他们受益匪浅。

  预防工作永远在路上,需要我们长期、多次的警示教育学习和不懈的努力、坚持。

 检务公开
检务公开-本院介绍 检务公开-领导介绍
检务公开-联系方式 检务公开-机构职能
 视频资料
视频资料
新浪二维码 腾讯二维码
新浪微博 腾讯微博
版权所有 吕梁市岚县人民检察院
地址:电话
技术支持:正义网
工信部ICP备案号:京10217144号-1